The number of boys going to private schools is higher than girls, according to the ASER 2019. Among 4-5 year old children, 43.2% girls and 49.6% boys are enrolled in private pre-schools or schools.
The report on early years, released on Tuesday, highlights a correlation between a mother’s educational level and choice of school.
ASER ‘early years’ report, based on a household level survey across 26 districts in 24 states, assesses the performance of children in age group of 4-8 year in four domains: cognitive development, early language, early numeracy, and social and emotional development.
The social gaps
Almost half of the 4 year olds and more than a quarter of the 5 year olds are enrolled in anganwadis. These children have far lower levels of cognitive skill and foundational ability than their counterparts in private LKG/UKG classes.
The age factor
While the Right to Education Act, 2009 says that it a child should be in Class 1 at age 6, 4 out of every 10 children in class I are either younger than 5 or older than 6. This, as per the report, has a clear bearing on the child’s performamce at almost every task. Older children do better.
More than 90% of children in the age group of 4-8 years are enrolled in some type of educational institution. This proportion increases with age, from 91.3% of all 4-year-olds to 99.5% of all 8-year-olds.
Among 4-5 year old children, 56.8% girls and 50.4% boys are enrolled in government pre-schools or schools while 43.2% girls and 49.6% boys are enrolled in private pre-schools or schools. Among 6-8 year olds, 61.1% girls and 52.1% boys are going to a government institutions.
To scale up the network of Anganwadis and implement appropriate school activities for 3 and 4 year olds, ensuring that underage kids are not sent to an older class and entire age band from 4 to 8 should be seen as a continuum and curriculum and schooling stages designed accordingly.
Original source : Economictimes