Since so long, on any terror activity from across the border, India’s reaction was just to put a stop to its dialogue from Pakistan and fight the case on the diplomatic level. After the parliament attack in 2001, the military was rarely invoked.
After this attack, there was a military stand out for many months on the border, lasting only when the ceasefire agreement was signed between two countries and Pakistan took the pledge to not let the terrorist use its land for executing terror activities against India. However, Pakistan repetitively breached the agreement since the time of the then-President Gen. Pervez Musharraf.
But for India, involving military repeatedly is not practically possible and it could be a huge lot of load on the economy in against of almost nothing. Very soon, Pakistan being itself started to use its tantrums to build the international pressure on India to resume the stopped dialogue with Pakistan. This belief that India could be reluctant got reinforced and well absorbed in Pakistan’s elite population after 26/11 attacks.
While India was left swinging between suspended dialogue and a war-threat, the international pressure automatically got build upon Pakistan. This issue with Pakistan can never be solved through the strategic route.
This whole script started to get fade away when the Modi government was formed in 2014. The first big step was the surgical strike in 2016 which sent a signal that poking India’s peace will have its results and Pakistan will have to pay a huge price. However, Pakistan denied any of the said strikes but many ground reports including one audio sting to a police station in-charge revealed that there were many jihadis died who were present there on launch pads.
Then after the Pulwama incident, India responded with the Balakot strike, to which also Pakistan denied that no camps were damaged or hit. But immediately after, it closed its air space totally which indicated there is something wrong and Pakistan has started having its own uncertainties and insecurities.
However, the actions taken by India may not be well planned. A Compellence Doctrine by a renowned economist Thomas Schelling, states that these actions are taken just to merely change the recent status of the affairs, where it should be done to create some more serious damage to Pakistan.
The decision to nullify article 370 is the biggest move by the Modi government till date. This is the decision that is going to do some serious damage in the execution of the plans that took birth the mentality of the Pakistan government.
Pakistan raised the voice in the form of a huge campaign in Jammu and Kashmir in the name of human rights and seek international attention by pointing out India as a nuclear-powered country. This may also backfire on Pakistan’s PM Imran Khan as a country that regularly violates human rights has no right to question another on that ground.
While India is strictly following its rule to not use the nuclear weapon first, a view that also takes it in the category of responsible nations, Rajnath Singh warned Pakistan that this policy is not carved on any stone that it can’t be changed.
It’s a great turning of events since 2016 that Pakistan now knows that either it should control its gross terror activities or be ready for some serious damage.