Amidst the corona epidemic, bird flu cases are increasing in many states of India. Bird flu outbreak has been issued in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh. Special monitoring has been asked for poultry farms, reservoirs and migratory birds. Also, meat is being banned in places where infection is spread.
In December 2020, bird flu cases started coming in Japan, South Korea, Vietnam and four European countries and now it has spread to many parts of India. Let’s know what is bird flu and how does it spread?
What is Bird Flu- Bird flu is a viral infection which is also known as Avian Influenza. It spreads from one bird to another. The most deadly strain of bird flu is H5N1. Birds infected with H5N1 virus may also die. This virus can spread from infected birds to other animals and humans as well and this virus is equally dangerous.
The first case of bird flu in humans came in Hong Kong in 1997. At that time, the reason of its outbreak was told to the infected chickens in the poultry farm. In 1997, about 60 percent of those infected with bird flu died. This disease is caused by coming in contact with the feces of the infected bird, secretions of the nose, saliva of the mouth or water coming out of the eyes.
H5N1 bird flu does not spread easily from person to person like the common flu in humans. Spreads from one person to another only when there is a very close contact between the two. Such as a mother caring for an infected child or people taking care of another infected member of the household.
Which birds have bird flu ? Bird flu spreads naturally from migratory aquatic birds especially wild ducks. These wild birds spread the virus to domestic chickens. This disease is also spread to pigs and donkeys by wild birds. By the year 2011, the disease had spread to Bangladesh, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia and Vietnam.
How bird flu spreads in humans – Bird flu spreads in humans only when they have come in contact with an infected bird. These close contacts can vary in many cases. In some people, it can spread through cleanliness of infected birds. According to some reports, it was spread from the bird market in China.
Bird flu infection can also occur in people who swim in the water contaminated with infected birds or those who get rid of fowl and birds. Apart from this, people who go to infected places, eat raw or undercooked-egg, there is a risk of spreading bird flu. H5N1 has the ability to survive for a long time. The virus remains alive for 10 days in the feces and saliva of infected birds.
Symptoms of Bird Flu– You may have problems like phlegm, diarrhea, fever, respiratory problems, headache, muscle aches, sore throat, runny nose and restlessness due to bird flu. If you feel that you are in the grip of bird flu, then see a doctor before coming in contact with someone else.
What is the treatment- Different types of bird flu are treated in different ways but in most cases it is treated with antiviral drugs. It is necessary to take medicines within 48 hours of showing symptoms. Apart from the person infected with bird flu, other members of the household who come in contact with him are also advised to take these medicines, even if they do not have symptoms of the disease.